Maryland Agriculture

  • In case you didn't know, Maryland's largest commercial industry is agriculture and about 350,000 Marylanders are employed within some aspect of agriculture. About 32% of Maryland's land is dedicated to agriculture. Currently, Maryland's Upper Eastern Shore and and North Central area's have the largest amount of land in agricultural use. The largest agricultural commodities in Maryland are poultry, nursery crops, dairy and dent corn & soybeans. Maryland's biggest fruit crop is apples and the most important vegetable crops are sweet corn and tomatoes. Maryland also produces beef, eggs, hogs, turkeys, barley, rye and more!

 
  • Fun Facts
    • A cow is an adult female bovine that has given birth to more than one calf.
    • A heifer is a young female bovine that has not yet given birth.
    • One cow can produce 8 gallons of milk a day.
    • She can also drink a whole bath tub full of water a day.
    • A cow needs to give birth before she can produce milk
    • MD's state drink is milk.
    • Broiler Chickens are raised for meat.
    • Laying hens are raised for egg production.
  • MD Dairy Industry

    • In 2013 the number of milk cows was 50,000.
    • As of January 1, 2014 the total number cattle and calves of was 182,000.
    • Most MD milk cows are Holsteins.
    • Fredrick County leads the state in milk production.

     

  • MD Poultry Industry

    • In 2013, MD ranked 8th among states in the number of boilers produced, with 305 million birds produced.
    • In 2013, MD egg production was 673 million eggs.
 
  • Helpful Resources:

    • msa.maryland.gov
    • www.marylandsbest.com
    • www.maefonline.com
    • extension.umd.edu
    • www.dpichicken.org
    • marylanddairyindustry.org
    • www.marylandgrain.org
    • mdsoy.org

     

  • MD Crop Industry

    • In 2013, 66.3 millon bushels of corn for grain and 18.5 million bushels of soybeans were harvested.
    • The total valur of grain croos in 2013 was around $680 million.
    • Queen Anne's County is first in the production of corn, soy bean, and wheat.
    • Caroline County is the first in the harves of barley.

     

  • MD Fruit and Vegetable Industry

    • MD is home to over 100 markets spread within the counties.
    • MD growing season provides a wide selection of produce from apples to sweet corn to collard greens to squash.
    • Many farms offer pick your own and CSA, to pick your produce and have a chance to meet the farmer and spend a day on the farm.
    • In 2013 fresh market vegitables and melon were valued at $24 million.
    • In 2012 there were, there were 3,973 acres of orchards. Apples and peached were the most productive crops.